“Biedermeier Coffeehouse”  (Austria)

"Biedermeier Coffeehouse" sets are called so because they were made in the Biedermeier period, an era in Central Europe between 1815 and 1848.
Very little, if anything at all, is known of Austrian "Biedermeier Coffeehouse" chess set makers in the 19th century. But recently I did some research on Adolf Dreher, which name is on a sticker inside a box with a "Biedermeier Coffeehouse" set I do own for several years already. See the last set listed, with Bishops wearing a top hat. I found the name and the address on several old papers and "Curlisten".fremdenfuhrer_1852_01_01_u For example, he acted as a broker in this advert on page 6 of the "Fremden-Blatt" of Do, 1. Januar 1852. He owned a "Drechselwaaren-Niederlage" (turner shop) at that time. The address "große Schulenstraße Nr. 863" does not exist any more. In 1862 the continuous numbering of houses was abandoned and changed in a numbering per street. Some streets were renamed as well.

I found his name also on several "Curlisten" like this one of 1853, curlisten_bad_ischl_1853_06_24_c where he is mentioned as "Drechsler" (turner). By the way: "Dreher" means the same. Later I found references in 1855 as "Privat" (private) and in 1868 as "Mithausbesitzer" (rental owner). In the "Curlisten" you find many "Kaufman" (retailer), but also higher ranked military or even nobility. He was apparently well-heeled.

202 02
« 1 of 5 »
  • Austria, "Biedermeier coffeehouse"
  • 1st half 19th century
  • Boxwood + pear? K 7.5; p 4.1
  • Box/board 26.5×13.5×6.0 (closed)
264 02
« 1 of 5 »
  • Austria, "Biedermeier coffeehouse"
  • 1st half 19th century
  • Wood K 6.7; p 3.9
  • Box/board 26.7×13.1×6.0
265 01
« 1 of 4 »
  • Austria, "Biedermeier coffeehouse"
  • 1st half 19th century
  • Bone K 4.7; p 3.1
260 01
« 1 of 4 »
  • Austria, "Biedermeier coffeehouse"
  • 1st half 19th century
  • Wood K 7.7; p 3.9
196 02
« 1 of 7 »
  • Austria, "Biedemeier coffeehouse"
  • Mid 19th century
  • Boxwood + pear? K 8.2; p 5.0
  • Box/board 29.3×14.5×5.8 (closed)
256 01
« 1 of 5 »
  • Austria, "Biedermeier coffeehouse"
  • Mid 19th century
  • Wood K 12.3; p 7.2
  • Shaker box 22.4×18.2×12.4
153 02
« 1 of 6 »
  • Austria, Vienna, by Adolf Dreher, "Biedermeier coffeehouse"
  • Mid 19th century
  • Boxwood + pear? K 11.4; p 6.9
  • Box/board 39.5×39.5×3.9 (open)
  • Label inside board