“St.George”  (England)

The name of "St.George" sets is derived from the London's chess club "St.George", where these kind of figures were used. They are definitely the most widespread type of sets in Britain, apart from the later Staunton sets.

Here some examples of British "St.George" sets. These are often called "Old English" as well, but in my opinion that name is better to reserve for the English designs of the 18th century.

The 1st set are pieces of a travel set by Merrifield.

The 2nd set is made by Calvert. It is one of my favourites because of the most beautiful Knights I have seen on English sets of this type. The Knights are made in one piece, which is rare in this kind of set.

The following other 4 sets are more common sets of unknown makers.

155 02
« 1 of 4 »
  • England, by George Merrifield, "St.George" (pegged)
  • Early 19th century
  • Ivory K 4.2; p 2.3
162 02
« 1 of 6 »
  • England, by Calvert "St.George"
  • 1st half 19th century
  • Boxwood + rosewood K 9.3; p 4.7
  • Box by Hezekiah Dixon? 22.1×14.5×7.1
  • Knights are made of one piece of wood!
208 02
« 1 of 6 »
  • England, "St.George"
  • Mid 19th century
  • Boxwood + rosewood K 9.1; p 3.9
468 01
« 1 of 2 »
  • England, "St.George"
  • 19th century
  • Boxwood + ebony K 7.9; p 3.5
231 01
« 1 of 3 »
  • England, "St.George"
  • 19th century
  • Boxwood + ebony K 9.2; p 3.9
331 01
« 1 of 3 »
  • England, "St.George"
  • 19th century
  • Boxwood + ebony K 10.6; p 4.3

I got information of this travel set sold by W.H.Smith under the name "THE TRAVELLERS' CHESS BOARD, WITH CHESS MEN COMPLETE." by W.H.Smith & Son, 136, Strand, London and the railway station. W.H.Smith were sellers of a wide range of goods at railway stations from the late 1840's. It's believed that the sets were made over a long period and the turned pieces changed in later years. Maybe the sets were made by a London maker for W.H.Smith?

The "slope Knight" set is in fact a cheaper variant as no cutting is required apart from some simple incisions.

178 01
« 1 of 3 »
  • England, by Jaques or W.Howard? "St.George"
  • Mid 19th century (sold as 1900)
  • Bone K 3.3; p 1.6
  • Box/board 15.3×7.7×2.8
347 01
« 1 of 2 »
  • England, "St.George with slope knights"
  • ca. 1900
  • Wood K 5.6; p 2.4
  • Original box 11.8×8.5×4.8

Next 2 sets are listed here because their relation to "St.George". One is a vegetable ivory set with "Dublin" influence and the other is a German set similar to the "St.George". Often the latter is confused with the English "St. George" sets, but the quality of German sets is usually much less than the British ones. Also the type of wood used is mostly of lesser quality.

209 02
« 1 of 7 »
  • England, by F.H.Ayres, "St.George with Dublin influence"
  • ca. 1900
  • Tagua nut (vegatable ivory) K 8.6; p 4.3
131 01
« 1 of 3 »
  • Germany (in Engllish St. George style)
  • Early 20th century
  • Maple? K 6.5; p 2.5
  • Box/Board 26.0×25.8×5.2