“Directoire”  (France)

"Directoire" is the name we use today for the sets with abstract knights that, historically, can be placed between and along the "Encyclopedia" and "Régence" sets. These sets do give a lot of misunderstanding about the Knights and Bishops. The source of this confusion is the well known drawing in the encyclopedia of Diderot/D'Alembert, where the taller Knight is placed between Queen and Bishop. However the descriptive text, which obviously is missed by many, is very clear about the Knight ("Cavalier") en Bishop ("Fou"): the taller piece is the Knight and the piece with triangle collar is the Bishop. But in real live the sets were often used with swapped Knights and Bishops I suppose.

"Directoire" sets have been made from beginning of the 18th century until the end of it. Because the knights don't need to be carved are these sets easier to make and a cheaper alternative for the "Régence" sets. Because of the rarity, that is not true anymore!

The first "Directoire" set displayed here is early to mid 18th century and does still have the original box. Only a few of these boxes survived. Not many complete sets as well.

345 01
« 1 of 6 »
  • France, "Directoire"
  • Early to mid 18th century
  • Boxwood and rosewood K 9.1; p 5.2
  • Box 15.0×8.8×8.6
129 02
« 1 of 4 »
  • France, "Directoire"
  • Mid to late 18th century
  • Ivory + ebony K 8.5; p 5.5
  • Box 17.4×11.4×6.2 (not pictured)
321 01
« 1 of 3 »
  • France, "Directoire"
  • Late 18th century
  • Boxwood K 8.3; p 4.5