(John) Jaques of London is probably the most successful maker. At least longest existing, from 1795 till the present day. Most famous, of course, is the "Staunton" pattern, which was patented on March 1, 1849, by Nathaniel Cooke, 198 Strand, London. John and Nathaniel were related by the marriage of John's son John (II) with Nathaniel's daughter Harriet Ingram. A lot of chess set patterns was found in Jaques famous pattern book: "Barleycorn", "Calvert type", "Dublin", "Edinboro Upright", "St.George", etc. Jaques did invent and make a whole lot of other type of games as well and is still in business today. Here 2 Jaques "Staunton" sets. Below a few pages from their famous pattern book.
- England, by Jaques, "Staunton" ("late Anderssen")
- ca. 1870
- Boxwood + ebony K 7.4; p 3.7
- Box 16.0×11.6×6.8
- England, by Jaques, "Staunton" ("Broadbent")
- ca. 1935
- Boxwood + ebony K 9.7; p 5.3
- Box 21.8×16.8×10.8
F.H.Ayres. The business and factory of Frederick Henry Ayres, manufacturer, was started 1864 and located at 10 Baldwin’s Place, Leather Lane, London EC by 1865, later at 71 to 75 Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell by 1869 to 1877 and finally at 111 Aldersgate Street, London, EC from 1877. It became F.H.Ayres Ltd. c1905 (known mainly for outdoor games). Later taken over by Slazenger (c1948). Here is a later "Staunton" example. I have several F.H.Ayres sets of different types, which you can find at other England pages. A rare signed travel set is on Travel (England) page.
- England, by F.H.Ayres, "Staunton"
- ca. 1930
- Catalin K 7.6; p 3.5
- Box 18.2×13.3×6.8